NYC Enacts New Disclosure Law for School Sites

On February 5th, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio signed into law Int. No. 126-A (Local Law 12) requiring the Department of Education (DOE) promptly notify parents and other community groups of sampling results identifying elevated levels of in any public school or any proposed public school owned or leased by the DOE. The law takes effect in 90 days.

The law was passed in the wake of discovery of contamination at  PS 51 in the Bronx. PS 51 was located in a building that previously been occupied by in lamp factory. It was not until the lease was up for renewal and DOE had changed its policy to conduct indoor air sampling for lease renewals that sampling was performed. The investigation found levels of VOCs in the indoor air that exceeded the state Department of Health Vapor Intrusion Guidelines for TCE. DOE learned of the contamination in January 2011 but did not communicate the sampling results to the school community until August. The school was subsequently relocatedand the school site was enrolled in the NYSDEC brownfield cleanup program. 

This was only the latest incident where buildings contaminated from prior uses had been converted to schools without adequately investigation or abating the risks posed by the contamination. The problem frequently occurred for leased school sites since School Construction Authority (SCA) was not required to perform environmental reviews under the State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA). The SCA has subsequently amended its policy to require environmental due diligence for new leases and lease renewals.  It was this pursuant to this new policy that the contamination was discovered at PS 51. Due diligence results for leased school sites are now available from the SCA website 

The law applies to contaminants, pollutants and the hazardous substances appearing at 40 CFR 302.4 that exceed “maximum levels” set forth in applicable federal or state regulatory guidelines. If no applicable regulatory guidelines have been established for a particular substance, DOE or SCA are to establish acceptable levels based on current industry standards and relevant published scientific data and guidance.

The disclosure obligation does not apply to tests for asbestos, lead-based paint or polychlorinated biphenyls since the DOE is believed to have adequate sampling and notification protocols for these substances. Notification is also not required where DOE or SCA reasonably expect exceedances of the maximum levels to return to or below the maximum levels through ventilation or cleaning within twenty-four hours, provided that the results that exceed maximum levels have returned to at or below maximum levels within such twenty-hour period and have not occurred in substantially the same space within the previous year

Within ten days of receipt of an environmental report showing exceedances of the maximum levels, DOE must notify parents of current students and the current employees of any public school. If the results are received during a scheduled school vacation period exceeding five days, the notification shall within ten days after the end of such period. The DOE is also obligated to make reasonable efforts to notify the parents of former students and former employees of any school for which notification is required.

DOE is also required to notify the directors of all afterschool programs operating under its jurisdiction, local elected officials, community education councils and local community boards. DOE is also required to “conspicuously post” a link to any environmental report that triggers notification on its website within ten days of receipt of the sampling results. The reports shall be searchable by school, community school district, council district and borough.

Copy of the bill available here